In medical science, hyperthyroidism is chiefly a term used to denote the disorder or diseases relevant to the thyroid gland and metabolic activity going on in the human body. Under this condition, the working of the thyroid gland is affected to great extent due to which there is over-production of the hormone called as thyroxin. It is to be noted that thyroxin hormone is responsible for regulation or controlling of metabolic functions. It means the process of conversion of glucose or foods consumed by us into energy takes place only due to thyroxin hormone. Due to over-production of this hormone, metabolic activity is affected to great extent. As a result of this, the entire process of metabolism is paced up which in turn leads sudden weight loss.
Due to over-activity of thyroid gland, this condition is termed as hyperthyroidism. Apart from weight loss, the concerned person may also suffer from lack of energy in the body and hence has a constant feeling of tiredness and exhaustion. Even other symptoms may also start appearing that indicate towards presence of occurrence of hyperthyroidism in the body. Goiter is one of the chief symptoms of this health condition. Although this problem is found in people of both the genders of sexes however women are more prone to suffer from this condition as compared to men. It is owing to unique physical constitution of women’s body. Apart from this, the physical changes taking place in the body of females may also be responsible for occurrence of this health issue.
Chief causes of Hyperthyroidism
Hyperthyroidism is a medical health condition that may be triggered due to multiple factors such as iinflammation of the thyroid gland i.e. thyroiditis, hereditary factors, grave’s disease and over-activity of the thyroid gland.
Chief signs and symptoms of hyperthyroidism
While diagnosing and confirming occurrence or presence of hyperthyroidism in the body, various signs and symptoms are taken into consideration. These chief signs and symptoms that mostly found in all people are mentioned hereunder.
- General body weakness
- Sudden or inexplicable weight loss
- Nervousness, anxiety and irritable behaviour
- Too much perspiration
- Irregular heartbeats
- Goitre or swelling at the base of the neck
- Enhanced sensitivity to heat
- Disturbance in sleep
- Trembling of hands and feet
- Weakness of body muscles
- Disturbed or irregular menstrual cycles in women
Diet and lifestyle advocacy for people suffering from hyperthyroidism
People suffering from hyperthyroidism can manage and control this condition excellently to great extent by making some changes in their diet and lifestyle. There are some important points that need immediate attention so that further aggravation of this health condition may be prevented. Have a look.
Have a healthy and well-balanced diet incorporating all the essential nutrients required by your body in it. It is because proper working of all the important systems such as thyroid gland and the associated hormones produced by it is ensured only by proper supply of all the essential nutrients required by it. As an instance, you may incorporate certain foods in your diet that help in management of this condition well. These may include meat, milk, fish, pulses, eggs, skinless poultry such as turkey and chicken, cereals and sea vegetables, fresh yellow fruits and seasonal green leafy vegetables. All these are loaded with the important and essential nutrients required by the thyroid gland and the overall body for its proper functions.
Apart from this, you also need to avoid some specific foods that have an adverse effect on the functions of the thyroid gland and may aggravate the condition of hyperthyroidism. Some of these foods are diet sodas, hamburgers, sausage and high iodine content in the form of salt. These foods may affect the working mechanism of the thyroid gland adversely and hence must be totally eliminated from your diet.
You must try to remain and follow an active lifestyle. Incorporate physical activity in your routine. Apart from carrying out domestic activities, you may go for swimming, jogging, walking and such other light exercises. You may even practice yoga and meditation as both these help in controlling the activities of the thyroid gland as well as the metabolic activity.